Map Cook Islands Federated Sates of Micronesia Fiji Kiribati Nauru Niue Papua New Guinea Republic of Marshall Islands Republic of Palau Samoa Solomon Islands Tonga Tuvalu Vanuatu
Land Area
Water resource
Water consumption
Country Cook Islands Cook Islands
Population 21,750 (July 2007 est.)
Land Area 236.7 km2
Water resource
Water consumption
Country Federated Sates of Micronesia Federated Sates of Micronesia
Population 107,862 (July 2007 est.)
Land Area 702 km2
Water resource Avg Rainfall: 4,928 mm per annum
Water consumption
Country Fiji Fiji
Population 918 675 (July 2007 est.)
Land Area 18,270 km2
Water resource Avg Rainfall: 2000 - 3000 mm per annum
Water consumption
Country Kiribati Kiribati
Population 107,817 (July 2007 est.)
Land Area 811 km2
Water resource Avg Rainfall: South of the equator: 1,300 mm Tarawa: 2,000 mm Northernmost islands: over 3,200mm Eastern Line Islands: less than 1,000 mm
Water consumption
Country Nauru Nauru
Population 11,528 (July 2007 est.)
Land Area 21 km2
Water resource Avg Rainfall: 2,090 mm per annum
Water consumption
Country Niue Niue
Population 1,625m(GoN statistics 2006)
Land Area 260 km2
Water resource Avg Rainfall: 2,180 mm per annum
Water consumption
Country Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea
Population 5,795,887 (July 2007 est.)
Land Area 462,840 km2
Water resource Avg Rainfall:1000-80000 mm per annum
Water consumption
Country Republic of Marshall Islands Republic of Marshall Islands
Population 20,842
Land Area 458 km2
Water resource Avg Rainfall: 3,700 mm per annum
Water consumption
Country Republic of Palau Republic of Palau
Population 61,815(July 2007 est.)
Land Area 11,854.3 km2
Water resource Avg Rainfall: Southern attols: 4,000mm Northern attols:2,000 mm per annum
Water consumption
Country Samoa Samoa
Population 214,265
Land Area 2,944 km2
Water resource Avg Rainfall: 3,000 mm per annum
Water consumption
Country Solomon Islands Solomon Islands
Population 566,842
Land Area 28,450 km2
Water resource Avg Rainfall:1500-5000 mm per annum
Water consumption
Country Tonga Tonga
Population 116,921
Land Area 748 km2
Water resource Avg Rainfall: Varies from north and south of tonga with an estimated average of 2500 mm per annum
Water consumption
Country Tuvalu Tuvalu
Population 11.992 (July 2007 est.)
Land Area 26 km2
Water resource Avg Rainfall: 3000mm per annum
Water consumption
Country Vanuatu Vanuatu
Population 211,971 (July 2007 est.)
Land Area 12,200 km2
Water resource Avg Rainfall: 2000 - 4000 mm per annum
Water consumption
Key Message
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Partnership Meetings/Workshop Presentations
The IWRM team apart from engaging with stakeholders in the region also actively participate in knowledge exchange workshops and meetings globally. With the intention of sharing the knowledge captured through these international meets, the presentations made at these meetings/workshops, are being uploaded to be available to the entire region and all our partners.

Not all the presentations from these meets are showcased here but just the most pertinent ones.

If you do download any of these presentations and use the material in any context, it is required that you fully acknowledge the original authors and contributors. You will require Acrobat Reader to download and use the presentations.
New Thinking on Water Governance. A Regional Consultation Workshop on Improving Water Governance (1-3rd July 2009, Singapore)The Institute of Water Policy defines water governance broadly as the set of water laws, policies, programs and projects adopted by a country or a State to develop and manage its water resources to meet the current and future needs of its population. Good water governance implies that these laws, policies, programs and projects are effective, efficient, equitable, sustainable and are consistent with the Dublin Principles. Indicators of water governance consists of, among others: 1) water legislations which are updated, integrated and based on water sector assessments; 2) policies that define water rights, quality standards, ground water use, demand management, resource conservation, participation by various sectors at all levels of society; clearly defined responsibilities for water sector functions;  3) effective water regulatory agencies and neutral apex bodies as well as autonomous and accountable water service providers; 4) decentralized operation and maintenance to water user associations; and 5) policies that promote cost recovery tariffs and tariffs that reward conservation and penalize waste.

The Institute of Water Policy at the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore and the Asian Development Bank convened the conference on reforming water governance in Asia.  The conference was a forum to bring together key water sector policy makers, experts and thought leaders throughout Asia and the world to facilitate networking and knowledge sharing on water governance. At the conference, the Institute of Water Policy, in its capacity as one of the Asia Pacific Water Forum Knowledge Hubs, also launched its program on water governance in Asia.

Overview of Water Governance:
  1. “New” Thinking on Water Governance: Clearing the Clouds. Introductory Remarks. Seetharam Kallidaikurichi. Visiting Professor and Director
  2. Improving Water Governance - Wouter Lincklaen Arriens. Asian Development Bank
  3. Models, Arenas, and Key Result Areas. Wouter Lincklaen Arriens. Asian Development Bank
  4. Liberalization in the Water Sectoe: Three Models. Prof. Claude Menard. Centre d’Economie de la Sorbonne 
  5. A Legal Approach to Assessing the Effectiveness of Governance Regimes. Andrew Allan.
  6. River basin governance in South East Asia. Paul Taylor. Water Policy Services, Sydney.
  7. “Can incentives motivate sustainable domestic water consumption?”. WONG Xin Wei. PUB and Oxford University.
  8. Reforming Water Institutions and Organizations: What have we learned? John Briscoe. Harvard University
Case Studies by Region: 


  1. Water Governance Reforms. Lessons from Australia. Prof Mike Young, Director, The Environment Institute. Research Chair, Water Economics and Management. The University of Adelaide
  2. Australia’s National Water Reform. Kerry Olsson National Water Commission
East Asia
  1. Water Governance & Law. In case of Japan. Tadashige Kawasaki. Asian Development Bank Institute

  1. Integrated Yellow River Basin Management in China. Sun Feng Center for Hydro-informatics in River Basin Yellow River Conservancy Commission Ministry of Water Resource, People’s Republic of China
  2. The Transition of Water Governance in China: An Overview 1999~2008. Yahua Wang. Associate Professor, School of Public policy and Management. Deputy Director Center for China Studies, Tsinghua University, China
South Asia
  1. Reforming Water Governance in Sri Lanka. Eng. Channa Amarasinghe Chairman (National Water Supply and Drainage Board) & H. Manthrithilake International Water Management Institute (IWMI)  
  2. Pakistan Country Presentation
  1. Water Governance – New Thinking. Suresh S Prabhu, Regional Chair, GWP-SAS, India
  2. Water Resources Development and Management in India - An Overview. U. N. Panjiar.Secretary to the Government of India. Ministry of Water Resources
  1. Regional Water Governance Strategy in Hindu Kush Himalaya Region. ICIMOD for Nepal
  2. New Thinking on Water Governance, Country Presentation-Nepal. Kishore Thapa. Secretary Water and Energy Commission, Nepal. Members: Dr. M. Karki, ICIMOD, Mr. D.B. Shrestha,KUKL, Mr. N.M. Joshi, CMIASP
South-East Asia

  1. Outlook on Water Governance in Thailand. Panjarat Champathong, Puree Sirasoontoon and Supruet Thavornyutikarn. Metropolitan Waterworks Authority.
  2. Country Report – Malaysia. Dato’ Ir. Lim Chow Hock. Director - Hydrology  and Water Resources Division. Department of Irrigation and Drainage. Ministry of Natural Resources, Malaysia
  3. Lao PDR - Country Presentation. Mr. Chanthanet BOUALAPHA DDG, Department of Water Resources. 
  4. Public Private Partneship. City of Jakarta Example. PT PAM Lyonnaise Jaya (PALYJA)
  5. Policy on Implementing Integrated Water Resources Management in Indonesia. Directorate General of Water Resources. Ministry of Public Works. Public sector Indonesian groups. Agus S. Kusmulyono, Suharto Sarwan, Rahardjanto (DGWR). Budhi Santoso (National Planning Agency)
  6. Establishment of Local River Basin Organization to promote Water Governance. Mr Watt Botkosal. Director of Planning Department. Cambodia National Meekong Committee (CNMC)
  7. Complex interactions between central and local: community-based research in Thailand. Fuller, Boyd and Poocharoen, Ora-orn
  8. Water Management Reform in Viet Nam. Le Bac Huynh, Phi Quoc Hao. Department of Water Resources Management. 
Central Asia
  1. An example IWRM-Fergana project. Olga Poltareva. SIC ICWC, Tashkent 2009
Comparative Case Studies
  1. The Practice of Water Reforms. Participatory Approaches in Brazil and India. Dr. Sunil Tankha. Institute of Social Studies. Erasmus University Rotterdam
  2. Re-Centralization and Local Level Response: Insights from Water Sector Reforms in Two Indonesian River Basins. Anjali Bhat, Centre for Development Research (ZEF). University of Bonn, Germany