Map Cook Islands Federated Sates of Micronesia Fiji Kiribati Nauru Niue Papua New Guinea Republic of Marshall Islands Republic of Palau Samoa Solomon Islands Tonga Tuvalu Vanuatu
Land Area
Water resource
Water consumption
Country Cook Islands Cook Islands
Population 21,750 (July 2007 est.)
Land Area 236.7 km2
Water resource
Water consumption
Country Federated Sates of Micronesia Federated Sates of Micronesia
Population 107,862 (July 2007 est.)
Land Area 702 km2
Water resource Avg Rainfall: 4,928 mm per annum
Water consumption
Country Fiji Fiji
Population 918 675 (July 2007 est.)
Land Area 18,270 km2
Water resource Avg Rainfall: 2000 - 3000 mm per annum
Water consumption
Country Kiribati Kiribati
Population 107,817 (July 2007 est.)
Land Area 811 km2
Water resource Avg Rainfall: South of the equator: 1,300 mm Tarawa: 2,000 mm Northernmost islands: over 3,200mm Eastern Line Islands: less than 1,000 mm
Water consumption
Country Nauru Nauru
Population 11,528 (July 2007 est.)
Land Area 21 km2
Water resource Avg Rainfall: 2,090 mm per annum
Water consumption
Country Niue Niue
Population 1,625m(GoN statistics 2006)
Land Area 260 km2
Water resource Avg Rainfall: 2,180 mm per annum
Water consumption
Country Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea
Population 5,795,887 (July 2007 est.)
Land Area 462,840 km2
Water resource Avg Rainfall:1000-80000 mm per annum
Water consumption
Country Republic of Marshall Islands Republic of Marshall Islands
Population 20,842
Land Area 458 km2
Water resource Avg Rainfall: 3,700 mm per annum
Water consumption
Country Republic of Palau Republic of Palau
Population 61,815(July 2007 est.)
Land Area 11,854.3 km2
Water resource Avg Rainfall: Southern attols: 4,000mm Northern attols:2,000 mm per annum
Water consumption
Country Samoa Samoa
Population 214,265
Land Area 2,944 km2
Water resource Avg Rainfall: 3,000 mm per annum
Water consumption
Country Solomon Islands Solomon Islands
Population 566,842
Land Area 28,450 km2
Water resource Avg Rainfall:1500-5000 mm per annum
Water consumption
Country Tonga Tonga
Population 116,921
Land Area 748 km2
Water resource Avg Rainfall: Varies from north and south of tonga with an estimated average of 2500 mm per annum
Water consumption
Country Tuvalu Tuvalu
Population 11.992 (July 2007 est.)
Land Area 26 km2
Water resource Avg Rainfall: 3000mm per annum
Water consumption
Country Vanuatu Vanuatu
Population 211,971 (July 2007 est.)
Land Area 12,200 km2
Water resource Avg Rainfall: 2000 - 4000 mm per annum
Water consumption
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Other Projects & Agencies

ADB Water in Small Island Countries

The economic and social well being of small island countries are highly interlinked with the quality and quantity of their water resources.
In acknowledgment of this vulnerability and needs of small island countries, the 3rd World Water Forum Secretariat requested the Asian Development Bank to spearhead the preparations for the Water in Small Island Countries theme for the 3rd World Water Forum.

AOSIS Alliance of Small Island States

The Alliance of Small Island States (AOSIS) is a coalition of small island and low-lying coastal countries that share similar development challenges and concerns about the environment, especially their vulnerability to the adverse effects of global climate change. It functions primarily as an ad hoc lobby and negotiating voice for small island developing States (SIDS) within the United Nations system.

4th World Water Forum

The World Water Forum is an initiative of the World Water Council that has the aim of raising the awareness on water issues all over the world. As the main international event on water, it seeks to enable multi-stakeholder participation and dialogue to influence water policy making at a global level, thus assuring better living standards for people all over the world and a more responsible social behavior towards water issues in-line with the pursuit of sustainable development.

Japan Water Forum

As the concern over the global water issues is on rise, Japan as a host country of the 3rd World Water Forum must ensure its continued contribution towards resolution of water issues. As one of the ways to enhance the Japan's role in the international water sector, Japan will establish the Japan Water Forum (JWF).


Small Island Developing States Network (SIDSnet) is a direct follow-up to the 1994 Barbados Programme of Action (BPoA). SIDSnet connects 43 Small Island Developing States (SIDS) in the Pacific, Caribbean, Atlantic, Indian Ocean, Mediterranean and African island nations. SIDSnet's main goal has been to utilise information and communication technologies (ICTs) to link SIDS in supporting the implementation of the sustainable development objectives of the BPoA. The project was launched in 1998 through UNDP's Sustainable Development Networking Programme (SDNP) and the Alliance of Small Island States (AOSIS).


An international organisation, the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC) works in partnership with its members, other organisations and donors to deliver priority work programmes to member countries and territories.

Australian Water Portal

The Australian Development Gateway is a knowledge-sharing website, supporting people working in Asia Pacific countries to reduce poverty and promote sustainability. It is a mechanism for Australians and others in the Asia Pacific region to contribute knowledge and to engage in vigorous discussion. By accessing the ADG, people working in the field of development will be able to collaborate more effectively by sharing practical knowledge faster. They will be further empowered in developing policies and programs, researching issues, forming alliances and working towards sustainable growth and poverty reduction.


The thirteenth session of the UN Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD-13) met at UN Headquarters in New York from 11 to 22 April 2005. As the policy session in the first Implementation Cycle, CSD-13 built upon the outcome of CSD-12 and adopted policy decisions on practical measures and options to expedite implementation of commitments in water external link, sanitation external link and human settlements external link.

Dialogue on Water and Climate

The Co-operative Programme on Water and Climate aims to improve the capacity in water resources management to cope with the impacts of increasing variability of the world's climate, by establishing a platform through which policymakers and water resources managers have better access to, and make better use of, information generated by climatologists and meteorologists.


The regional arm of the United Nations Secretariat for the Asian and Pacific region is the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP). The main legislative organ of UNESCAP is the Commission, which meets annually at the ministerial level and reports to the UN's Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). It provides a forum for all Governments of the region to review and discuss economic and social issues and to strengthen regional cooperation.


Strategic Planning and Management is an approach to planning and management that assists decision-making in the context of rapid change. It is also a complex ongoing process of organizational change. Strategic planning and management techniques can be applied to the dynamics of water governance for implementing integrated water resources management.

Gender and Water Alliance

The Gender and Water Alliance (GWA) was created at the 2nd World Water Forum (WWF) in 2000 in recognition that the water sector had been until then mainly technically-driven. This technical approach did not recognize or incorporate the different social relationships and roles of women and men, poor and rich communities, and minority and majority cultures in the different uses of water and water and sanitation services.

Japan Water Forum

Japan Water Forum (JWF) will utilize the human/information networks and know-how cultivated through the 3rd World Water Forum in expanding water related knowledge and activities (domestic and international), in order to support organizations in their international water activities. Furthermore, JWF will utilize these information and activities in applying latest information/policies in the domestic water sector, responding appropriately to the trends of international water problems and discussions, and thereby contributing towards solving domestic and international water problems.

Pacific ENSO Update

The Pacific ENSO Applications Center (PEAC) was established in August 1994 as a multi-institutional partnership, to conduct research and produce information products on climate variability related to the El Niño - Southern Oscillation (ENSO) climate cycle in the U.S.-affiliated Pacific Islands (USAPI). PEAC's core members are The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration - Office of Global Programs (NOAA/OGP) The NOAA National Weather Service - Pacific Region (NWS-PR), The University of Hawaii - School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology UH/SOEST, The University of Guam - Water and Energy Research Institute (UOG/WERI), and a regional association of the USAPI Governments, the Pacific Basin Development Council (PBDC).


USGS water personnel in Hawaii and the Pacific collect data on streamflow, suspended sediment, lake and reservoir stage, ground-water level and salinity and other water-quality parameters, aquatic ecology, rainfall, and transpiration, and carry out interpretive studies on the quantity and quality of surface and ground water.



SOPAC has been requested by ADB to co-organise the theme on Water in Small Island Countries considering the ownership by its Pacific Member States its mandate as regional organisation and the global and regional networks that have been established with various stakeholders in the water sector which include ministries involved in the management of water resources, water utilities, health and environmental organisations, donor agencies, United Nations organisations, NGOs, resource centres, universities, research institutions and other regional organisations.

World Water Council

The World Water Council is the International Water Policy Think Tank dedicated to strengthening the world water movement for an improved management of the world's water resources and services.Its mission is "to promote awareness, build political commitment and trigger action on critical water issues at all levels, including the highest decision-making level to facilitate the efficient conservation, protection, development, planning, management and use of water

Global Water Partnership

The Global Water Partnership is a working partnership among all those involved in water management.This comprehensive partnership actively identifies critical knowledge needs at global, regional and national levels, helps design programs for meeting these needs, and serves as a mechanism for alliance building and information exchange on integrated water resources management.

GWP Australia

The Australia Water Partnership (AWP) is the Australian connection to the Global Water Partnership's network around the world. AWP has been established to ensure that all water stakeholders in Australia can link with other GWP players and vice versa. AWP is an inclusive, accessible organisation, intended to embrace all sectors and groups involved with water, and to share information and ideas among these groups and with other countries through the GWP.

National Centre for Water Resources

The National Centre for Water Resources (NCWR) provides public information on river, lake, and groundwater conditions across New Zealand including water quantity and quality. It also acts as a distribution point for new technology and management tools for water-related issues. Our goal is to bridge the gap between science and the community in the field of water resources, by providing science, technology and resource management services to New Zealand. A lot of innovative research is done in New Zealand on river, lake and groundwater systems: our mission is to make it more accessible, to provide a vehicle for delivering new technologies and management tools that emerge from the research.


NIWA (National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research) is a highly successful, internationally respected research organisation and New Zealand’s leading provider of environmental research and consultancy services.

World Summit on Sustainable Development

Johannesburg Summit 2002 the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) brought together tens of thousands of participants, including heads of State and Government, national delegates and leaders from non-governmental organizations (NGOs), businesses and other major groups to focus the world's attention toward improving people's lives and conserving our natural resources when growing population and increased demand for food, water, shelter and sanitation are an issue

Voices from Civil Society and World Wide Fund for Nature

World Wide Fund (WWF) South Pacific with funding from the British Foreign Commonwealth Office is assisting Civil Society preparations, National Country preparations and has produced two information brochures about the WSSD.

No Water No Future

The contribution of HRH the Prince of Orange to the Panel of the UN Secretary General in preparation for the Johannesburg Summit. The purpose of this document was to raise the awareness of water-related issues and to indicate directions that can contribute to overcoming the world water crisis. The document is available in English, French and Spanish.

Pacific Water Association

The Pacific Water Association is a regional association of Pacific Island organizations operating in the water and wastewater sectors.The PWA is committed to the delivery of quality water related services that enhance the well being of people throughout the region.It works through its Active and Allied members in fulfilling their mission and promotes co-operation between other professional bodies, NGO's and aid donor agencies.


The Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) is an Australian Government agency within the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. AusAID manages the Australian Government's official overseas aid program.The objective of the program is to advance Australia's national interest by helping developing countries reduce poverty and achieve sustainable development.


The Department for International Development (DFID) is the UK Government department responsible for promoting sustainable development and reducing poverty. The central focus of the Government s policy, based on the 1997 and 2000 White Papers on International Development, is a commitment to the internationally agreed Millennium Development Goals, to be achieved by 2015.


NZAID is New Zealand's agency responsible for international assistance to developing countries. New Zealand's aid helps to eliminate poverty and create a safe and just world, particularly in our own region of the Pacific.


The United Nations General Assembly, in December 2003, proclaimed the years 2005 to 2015 as the International Decade for Action 'Water for Life'.
A decade of action! The primary goal of the 'Water for Life' Decade is to promote efforts to fulfill international commitments made on water and water-related issues by 2015.


In carrying out its role as the lead global environment agency, UNEP acknowledges and recognises that there are numerous specialised environmental institutions. It is this reality that led UNEP to initiate the UNEP.Net partnership, so as to bring these specialised scientific environment communities together providing a water section.


The International Hydrological Programme, UNESCO's intergovernmental scientific co-operative programme in water resources, is a vehicle through which Member States can upgrade their knowledge of the water cycle and thereby increase their capacity to better manage and develop their water resources.


The International Network on Water, Environment and Health (UNU/INWEH) was created by the U.N. University Governing Council in 1996 with core funding provided by the Government of Canada. Its purpose is to strengthen water management capacity, particularly of developing countries and to provide on-the-ground project support.


The mission statement of the Water, Sanitation and Health Programme is to contribute to the speediest feasible reduction in water and sanitation related diseases and to maximize the direct and indirect benefits to health and well-being of sustainable management of water resources and wastes.


The activities under the Hydrology and Water Resources Programme concentrate on the measurement of basic hydrological elements from networks of hydrological and meteorological stations; the collection, processing, storage, retrieval and publication of hydrological data, including data on the quantity and quality of both surface water and groundwater; the provision of such data and related information for use in planning and operating water resources projects and the installation and operation of hydrological forecasting systems.

World Bank

The World Bank Group's activities in water and sanitation include financial services; advice to governments and cities on sector policies and programmes; knowledge services supporting the sharing of successful approaches and lessons from experience across countries; training through the World Bank Institute; and partnerships with other donors, non-governmental organisations and private industry.


The Mission of the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council is to accelerate the achievement of sustainable water, sanitation and waste management services for all people, with special attention to the unserved poor, by enhancing collaboration among developing countries and external support agencies and through concerted action programmes.

Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet

The Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet is responsible for coordinating of national water policy; providing advice to the Prime Minister. The Department also coordinates intergovernmental relations and communications with state and territory governments, who manage Australia's natural resources.

Department of Agriculture Fisheries, Forestry

The Department of Agriculture Fisheries, Forestry is responsible for increasing the overall competitiveness, profitability and sustainability of Australia's agricultural, fisheries, forestry nad food industries. It also facilitates the sustainable management of Australia's natural resources.

Department of the Environment and Heritage

The Department of the Environment and Heritage develops and implements national policy, programs and legislation to protect and conserve Australia's natural environment and cultural heritage.

National Water Commission

National Water Commission is responsible for helping to drive national water reform and for managing the implementation of the National Water Initiative - the blueprint for national water reform - and implementing two programmes of the Australian Government Water Fund.

Land and Water Australia

Land and Water Australia is a national organisation dedicated solely to investing in and managing research and development to underpin sustainable resource use and management.

Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation

Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation is Australia's national science agency delivering solutions for agribusiness, energry and transport, environment and natural resources, health, information technology, telecommunications, manufacturing and mineral resources.

Murray-Darling Basin Commission

Murray-Darling Basin Commissionis responsible for the long-term sustainability for the water sheds of the Murray and Darling river, an area of over one million square kilometers.

National Heritage Trust

a AUD$3 billion fund established in 1997 to help restore and conserve Australia's environment and natural resources. National Heritage Trust provides funding for environmental and natural resource management projects to thousands of community groups.

National Action Plan for Salinity and Water Quality

a commitment of AUD$1.4 billion over seven years for applying regional solutions to salinity and water quality problems.


WaterAid is an international charity dedicated to helping people escape the stranglehold of poverty and disease caused by living without safe water and sanitation.